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Basic Facts About Pakistan

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital

Islamabad

Area

796,095 sq.km (Punjab 205,344; Sindh 140,914; North West Frontier Province 74,521; Balochistan 347,190; Federal Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 and Islamabad (Capital) 906 sq.km

Population

130.60 million (1998 Census)

Ethnic Composition

95% Muslims, 5% others

Per Capita Income

US $ 460

Currency

Pak. Rupee

Language

Urdu (National Language), English (Official)

Archaeological Sites

Moenjodaro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehar Garh, Takht Bahi

Major Cities

Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad and Faisalabad.

PEAKS EXCEEDING 8000 meters

Peaks

Height in meters

Godwin Austen or K-2

8611

Nanga Parbat

8126

Gasherbrum-1

8068

Broad Peak

8047

Gasherbrum 11

8035

PEAKS EXCEEDING 7000 meters
 

FAMOUS MOUNTAIN PASSES

LOCATION/ PROVINCE

The Khyber Pass

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

The Khyber Pass

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

The Tochi Pass

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

The Gomal Pass

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

The Lowari Pass

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

The Khunjerab pass

Gilgit Baltistan

The Bolan Pass

Balochistan

FAMOUS GLACIERS

Glacier

Region

Length Miles (K/M)

Height of Snout Ft/M (Approx.)

Siachen

Karakoram(Baltistan)

45(72.4)

12,150(3,703.3)

Hisper

Karakoram (Nagar)
 

38 (61.2)

10,500(3200.4)

Biafo

Karakoram(Shigar)

27(59.5)

10,366(3,159.6)

Baltoro

Karakoram (K-2)

36(57.9)

11,580(3,529.6)

Batura

Karakoram (Hunza)

40(64.4)

8,030(2,447.5)

Yengunta

Karakoram(Baltistan)

22(35.4)

Not available

Chiantar

Hindu Kush(Chitral)

21(33.8)

12,720(3,877.1)

Tirich

Hindu Kush(Chitral)

18(29.0)

11,210(3,416.8)

Atrak

Hindu Kush(Chitral)

18(29.0)

10,000(3,078.5)

Karanbar

Hindu Kush(Swat)

16(25.5)

 

 

 

10,237(3,120.2)

MAJOR RIVERS

LENGTH

 

 

 

Indus

 

2,896 km

 

 

 

Jhelum

 

825 km

 

Chenab

 

1,242 km

 

Ravi

 

901 km

 

Sutlej

 

1,551 km

 

Beas

 

398 km

 

DESERTS

LOCATION/ PROVINCE

 

Thar

 

Sindh

Cholistan

 

Punjab

Thal

 

Punjab

LAKES

LOCATION/PROVINCE

Manchar

Sindh

Keenjhar

Sindh

Hanna

Balochistan

Saif-ul-Muluk

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

Mahodand

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

Satpara

Gilgit Baltistan

Kachura

Gilgit Baltistan

MAJOR DAMS

LOCATION/ PROVINCE

Mangla Dam

Punjab

Tarbela Dam

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa                                

Warsak Dam

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa